Java Moss – Taxiphyllum barbieri
The Java Moss, Taxiphyllum barbieri, is the most common aquatic moss kept in the aquarium. The Java Moss, Taxiphyllum barbieri, is self-attaching, and a very natural aquascape can be created by tying the Java Moss, Taxiphyllum barbieri, onto aquarium objects like stones or driftwoods with thin fishing line or cotton thread. The Java Moss, Taxiphyllum barbieri, will produce rhizoids (root-like structures) and attach the moss to the objects. The rhizoids function as organs of attachment and do not have a role in nutrient absorbtion.
The scientific name of the Java Moss has been mis-identified to be as Vesicularia dubyana for a long time, and all the aquarium literatures have been using the scientific name of Vesicularia dubyana all along. However, the Java Moss actually belongs to the genus Taxiphyllum. Please refer to the following link for more detail information about the identification of Java Moss.